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An allergy is a hypersensitivity reaction of the body to harmless substances, for example pollen, dust mites or insect stings. Frequent symptoms include hay fever, breathing difficulties or respiratory disorders (e.g. asthma) with, in some cases, life threatening reactions.
Since it is not always possible to avoid disease-triggering allergens, the symptoms have be treated. This is usually done with medication (eye drops, asthma sprays, antihistamine tablets).

As an option for treating the cause, we offer desensitisation, which can reduce or even completely eliminate the symptoms. Treatment is suitable for both children (usually over 5 years of age) as well as adults.

The most common method of targeted immunotherapy (desensitisation treatment) is injecting the medication into the upper arm (SCIT).Alternatively, treatment can be given in the form of tablets or drops, which you can take at home yourself.

Treatment usually lasts for 3 years, or even longer for insect sting allergies.You should notice an improvement in your symptoms during the first pollen season.

Preparation

At the start of the treatment, we use a skin test and/or laboratory test to determine which allergens are causing your symptoms.We also need to exclude any concomitant diseases or circumstances that could rule out desensitisation.

During a consultation with you, we will make a decision regarding desensitisation.You will receive a consent form from us, which you complete and sign before returning to us. Only then can we give you a prescription. Take this to the pharmacy where the solution is ordered. Once you have received the preparation, contact us to make appointments for the treatment. You will be given these appointments quickly!

Possible side effects

As with any treatment, desensitisation can also result in unwanted reactions.After each injection, you must remain in the clinic for at least 30 minutes. Inform your doctor or a practice nurse immediately if any reactions occur.

Mild skin reactions, such as swelling, itching and redness occur relatively frequently at the injection site.However, they are generally harmless. If this happens, it helps to immobilise the arm, apply a cold compress, and if necessary use a cortisone cream and/or take antihistamines.

In rare cases, general reactions occur, such as sneezing or a runny nose, tearing, burning or redness of the eyes, dry feeling in the throat, mouth or tongue, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing or a tickle in the throat, hives, itching or burning on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet or under the tongue, faintness, generally feeling unwell, feeling weak, palpitations, fever, cardiovascular reactions with low blood pressure.

Severe general reactions (shock reactions), such as difficulty breathing and circulatory collapse occur extremely rarely.If these side effects do not occur until you are at home, call your local emergency services or go to a hospital.

 

General information

  1. Avoid doing any physical activity for up to 24 hours after the injection.Please note that your ability to drive may be restricted.
  2. Do not consume any alcohol before or after an injection.
  3. Before each treatment, let your doctor know how well you tolerated the previous injection.You should tell your doctor about every change to your health during immunotherapy, particularly about inflammation, fever or infections. Pregnancy, vaccinations as well as bee and wasp stings should also be mentioned here.
  4. Treatment can only be successful if it is performed regularly.Therefore, please talk to us in good time about interrupting treatment e.g. due to travel.
  5. Please let us know if you take any new blood pressure medication (beta blockers, ACE inhibitors) and antimalarials (e.g. Lariam) as well as ß-blocker eye drops.